Financial Innovation and Demand for Money in Nigeria
Keywords:Financial innovation, Demand for money, Financial products, Nigeria.
This study examined the impact of financial innovation on money demand in Nigeria, using quarterly time series for the period 2009-2019. The dependent variable was money demand, represented by broad money, while the independent variable was financial innovation represented by modern payment channels such as volume of Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) transactions, volume of Point of Sales (POS) transactions, volume of Internet banking transactions, and volume of Mobile banking transactions. The study employed the ordinary least squares (OLS) regression technique as the estimation method within the cointegration, granger causality, and error correction modelling. The result obtained showed that financial innovation has mixed impact on money demand in Nigeria during the period of analysis. For instance, financial innovation has positive impact on money demand through volume of ATM transactions in the current period, two periods lagged of volume of mobile banking transactions, current period and one period lagged of volume of internet banking transactions, and current period’s volume of Point of Sales (POS) transactions in Nigeria. On the other hand, financial innovation has negative impact on money demand through one period lagged of volume of point of sales in Nigeria. On the stability of the demand for money function, the result of the stability tests based on the CUSUM test and CUSUM of squares test showed that the demand for money function was stable during the evaluation period. The study recommended that monetary policy strategy of the central bank of Nigeria (CBN) should be fine-tuned to ensure it is well suited to deal with the challenges posed by financial innovation by way of proliferation of sophisticated payment channels.
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